Hamilton is a city in south-western Victoria, Australia, at the intersection of the Glenelg Highway and the Henty Highway. The Hamilton Highway connects it to Geelong.
Hamilton is in the federal Division of Wannon, and is in the Southern Grampians local government area.
Hamilton claims to be the “Wool Capital of the World”, based on its strong historical links to sheep grazing which continue today. The city uses the tagline “Greater Hamilton: one place, many possibilities”.
Hamilton was built near the junction of three traditional indigenous tribal territories—the Gunditjmara land, stretching south to the coast; the Tjapwurong land, to the northeast; and the Bunganditj territory, to the west.
People who lived in these areas tended to be settled rather than nomadic.
The region is fertile, with ample precipitation and an abundance of flora and fauna, lessening the need to travel far for food.
Historical, physical items (such as the weirs and fish traps found in Lake Condah, south of Hamilton), as well as Aboriginal accounts of early white settlers, support the local oral histories of well-established, pre-European settlements in the area.